Mania of greatness is not considered an ailment, but requires treatment by a specialist. Since such a symptom affects not only the person himself, but also those around him.
Expression "megalomania" it is often used by us when we want to express mockery or contempt for a person who, in our opinion, is too arrogant and self-confident. However, the domestic use of this definition is erroneous, since megalomania - these are not exactly the traits of a human character.
Signs of megalomania
Megalomania different from banal boasting or striving to stand out from the crowd. In fact, this is a mental pathology, which consists in the fact that a person extremely overestimates his own:
- Rare abilities
- Social status
In medicine, delusions of grandeur are also called delusions of grandeur, expansive delusions or megalomania.
- In this state, a person is confident that he outstanding and unique, standing above the rest of the people, "superpersonality". The perception of reality is lost, and self-awareness is violated.
- The individual is absolutely sure own exclusivity, he sacredly believes in her. A person with such a disorder does not understand who he really is and what really happens around him. He requires others to worship and recognize his "genius."
- Often in his speeches missing logic. And he himself is distinguished by a painful desire to be special and important.
- Such inadequacy becomes noticeable not only for professionals, but also for ordinary people around.
- It is believed that in representatives of the stronger sex this mental disorder is much more common than in women. Wherein megalomania in men often quite aggressive in nature because of persistent attempts to impose on others their opinions.
- A man with megalomania pushes people away from himself. He is unable to build normal relationships with others. And this, in turn, further exacerbates his mental disorder.
Manifestation of megalomania
Delusions of grandeur can have various options for its manifestation:
- Man suffers from persecution mania. It seems to him that special services are hunting him, someone is observing from space and so on.
- In some cases, the patient may rest assured that he is protector of the world from evil and must save all of humanity.
- Obsessed megalomania considers himself the Messiah or follower of Christ. Interestingly, there are cases in history when people with a similar mental disorder managed to convince others of their "divine" nature and they even created their own cult, which had numerous followers.
- Megalomania in womencan be expressed in the belief that she is the subject of passionate adoration of some man, as a rule, famous and popular.
- Man suffering from megalomania can believe in his belonging to a noble family or consider yourself a descendant of some historical person.
Mania of greatness is not always a psychological problem if the individual’s behavior does not contradict moral and social norms.
- For example, a confident person who is a master in his field and well aware of this can also be blamed for megalomania. But this does not at all prove the presence of any psychological disorders.
- Megalomania is manifested in the fact that a person ascribes to himself precisely nonexistent merits, characteristics or exploits.
- To date, it has not been established exactly, as a result of which a mental disorder such as megalomania. It is believed that this disease is associated with problems of the central nervous system, when in the area of the brain that affects thinking, cognitive or cognitive processes are impairedby means of which a person cognizes the world and himself in it.
- This mental deviation in itself practically does not occur. Usually,megalomania manifests itself against the background of other diseases.
Signs of megalomania may appear in a person due to various reasons:
- As one of the symptoms of such serious mental pathologies as schizophrenia, manic - depressive or affective psychosis, paranoid disorders.
- Consequently traumatic brain injury.
- As a result progressive paralysis.
- Due to the consequences advanced syphilis, since this disease affects the brain and adversely affects its functioning.
- As a result severe stress.
- At dementia in older people.
- Due to the harmful effects of alcohol or drugsthat contribute to the destruction of brain cells, which eventually leads to a change in human consciousness.
- how hereditary disorder. Mania of greatness, like other mental pathologies, is often transmitted from parents to their children. And improper upbringing can further strengthen the negative traits of the character of the patient.
- As a result psychological trauma in childhood, when the child was systematically subjected to humiliation and moral pressure.
Despite the fact that megalomania people are often inclined to ascribe to individuals who are simply of a bad nature, this ailment is quite rare. In this case, individual manifestations of megalomania can be present in many people. Therefore, the described mental pathology cannot be diagnosed, relying only on individual reactions of a person.Symptomatology
In order to understand whether he is sick and whether he should seek medical help, it is important to know the main symptoms of megalomania:
- Self-centeredness and a tendency to "narcissism." All actions and conversations of the patient are reduced only to their own person and are aimed at alerting others about his exclusivity. He is not able to believe that other people do not notice his "genius" and do not share his "amazing" ideas.
- Neglecting others, as well as the desire to humiliate them in order to rise at the expense of others.
- Inadequately inflated self-esteem and sincere faith in one's "superpowers" and "superpowers."
- Inability to perceive other people's opinions. People obsessed with megalomania never follow other people's advice and fervently deny any alternative judgments.
- Attempts to convince everyone of their own uniqueness. At the same time, a person can invent fantastic stories and endow himself with nonexistent qualities and capabilities.
- Excessive touchiness and reluctance hear from others the truth about yourself. People of this type very negatively perceive criticism, being annoyed and even showing aggression.
- Increased activity and talkativeness.
- Frequent mood swingsin which frustration and depression are replaced by joyful excitement and fun. It should be noted that it is in such a state that megalomania manifests itself especially vividly.
- Inability to concentrate on one thing. Such an individual has a lot of different ideas in his head. And as soon as he begins to bring one of them to life, he is immediately distracted by something else. Throughout life, a person is engaged in the preparation of ambitious plans affecting a wide variety of areas of activity.
- Frequent insomniacaused by fatigue due to excessive energy and activity. The patient may have trouble falling asleep due to an influx of ideas and thoughts, or simply a lesser need for rest.
- It should be noted that the signs of megalomania can manifest themselves in different ways, depending on the intensity of the disease. In one and the same person, they can either disappear or reappear.
It is customary to distinguish three main stages of megalomania:
- First - initial and quite harmless, in which a person is simply trying to stand out from those around him and prove his worth. The patient is not trying to harm anyone. Quite often, people explain his behavior simply by a nasty character.
- The second is the progression of symptoms. Man is obsessed with ideas about his own genius. The first signs of antisocial behavior appear. The problem becomes more obvious and noticeable to the environment.
- The third is devastation and decline.in which the patient experiences depression and depression. He develops depression. This happens due to the fact that a person does not see the results of his actions. He makes sure that others do not want to follow his advice. The collapse of the idea of one’s own greatness is very difficult for patients. He can go to the other extreme and begin to convince others of his insignificance and uselessness.
Treatment for megalomania
Mania of greatness is a mental disorder that can cause serious complications:
- Aggression against others.
- Depression and even suicide attempts.
- Emotional and physical exhaustion, since a person with a similar deviation literally wears himself out in an effort to prove something to others.
- Propensities for irrational and even dangerous acts.
The megalomania itself cannot be cured. It is considered by modern medicine not as a separate personality disorder, but as a side effect that accompanies a number of serious mental illnesses. And it is impossible to get rid of megalomania without treatment of the main ailment.
However, the problem is that man suffering from megalomaniafar from reality. He does not realize that he needs the help of specialists. And often close people who are tired of his behavior lead him to a doctor.Requires treatment
To determine the diagnosis, therapists examine the patient using:
- General inspection.
- Conversation and behavior analysis.
- Psychological tests (for example, Young's rating scale).
- Practical exercises.
In case of confirmation of a psychological illness, doctors, as a rule, prescribe various types of treatment:
- Social rehabilitation.
It should be noted that medications are not able to completely cure the patient from megalomania. You can only alleviate its symptoms by using the following drugs:
- Antipsychotics with antipsychotic effects.
- Medications containing lithium (for the treatment of bipolar disorder phases).
- Tranquilizers (if the patient shows aggression).
- Antidepressants (with depressive conditions of the patient).
Psychotherapeutic treatment may include sessions of cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy or hypnosis. Specialists work in the following areas:
- Identify the causes of megalomania.
- Decreased aggressiveness towards other people.
- Elimination of factors disturbing the patient.
- The development of positive attitudes.
Unfortunately, in most cases, modern medicine cannot completely rid a patient of megalomania. The patient remains likely to relapse.
- As you can see, megalomania is a fairly serious symptom. Therefore, if you notice its signs in a person close to you, convince him to see a doctor. It is not necessary to expect that a person is aware of everything and will change his behavior.
- At the heart of this disorder is a violation of the brain, so do not delay the visit to the hospital. Treatment should be started as soon as possible. Then the probability of a positive result increases significantly.
- Working with a psychologist, the patient can change his attitude to the world, others and to himself.
- Since a person with megalomania does not realize his condition and does not consider himself sick, he may compulsory treatment is required in a hospital setting. Especially if megalomania develops against a background of severe mental illness.
- This is a very serious pathology. And in most cases, it accompanies a person all his life, periodically calming down and manifesting itself again. Therefore, such a patient needs long-term observation.
How to behave with a man who has megalomania?
How to behave with a person who has megalomania? Psychotherapists give these recommendations:
- Show your interest. The patient must see that you are listening to him.
- Show that you value his opinion. It is important for such people to feel fit.
- Thank you for your judgment. Say that you value his point of view.
- Give the person with megalomania more time. Sincerely rejoice in his victories.
- Try to calmly react to his behavior and statements in difficult situations. Treat the patient's problem with understanding.
What to do to a man with megalomania: tips
- It should be noted that in rare cases megalomania it is not a symptom of any mental illness, but there is a peculiar feature of the personality character. In such people, deviation from the norms of behavior or thinking seems easier and does not carry a danger.
- However, they are also strongly advised to consult a psychotherapist in order to avoid exacerbations and negative consequences.
The specialist, as a rule, advises the following to such patients:
- Write down your many ideas and pay attention only to a couple of them. Having drawn up a clear plan of action, strive for their implementation.
- Treat people with respect and not consider yourself better than others.
- To do autotrainingto learn to calm down in stressful situations on their own, without any help.
- To control sleeping mode and spend enough time to relax.