The development of a malocclusion in a child can cause health problems in adulthood. Negative consequences can be avoided if the fight for the beauty of a smile and healthy teeth starts in time.
Nothing pleases parents more than the cheerful laughter of their child and his bewitching smile. If only this smile was without orthodontic problems.
According to statistics, more than 90% of children close their jaws incorrectly. If in time to identify and change the wrong bite in a child, his smile will become impeccable.
How to determine the wrong bite in a child?
Malocclusion - the location of the teeth on one or both jaws is inappropriate.
There are 5 types of malocclusion:
To diagnose a malocclusion in a child, parents need to consult an orthodontist who will conduct an examination and make an accurate diagnosis.
An orthodontist will be able to determine the wrong bite in a child
IMPORTANT: Sometimes it is necessary to make an x-ray of the jaws or make a dental impression. Performing all necessary examinations will help the doctor choose the best method for eliminating the wrong bite.
Video: Wrong bite. Classification of malocclusion
Causes of malocclusion in a child
The wrong bite can begin to develop even during infancy. Especially exposed to children who are breast-fed.Artificial feeding may cause malocclusion
In all infants, the lower jaw is somewhat shortened. In breast-fed children, all muscles of the face are involved during sucking, which contributes to the sufficient development of the jaws.
If a child receives food from a bottle, he does not need to exert force to suck. Its lower jaw is somewhat behind in development from the upper, which over time leads to malocclusion.
The causes of the formation of a pathological bite include such bad habits as sucking a finger or nibbling nails.
With existing problems with nasal breathing caused by frequent rhinitis or adenoiditis, the child breathes mainly through the mouth. In such cases, the intensive development of an abnormal bite is also possible.
IMPORTANT: Particular attention should be paid to the condition of milk teeth in children, because their early loss and caries are also attributed to the causes of malocclusion.
Other important causes of malocclusion include:
- bad heredity
- diseases of the teeth and gums
- a large number of transferred ARI
How to correct a malocclusion in a child?
To correct a child’s bite, use one of the following methods:
1.Myotherapy - exercises, after the regular fulfillment of which the tonus of the muscles of the face is restored. In the future, it leads to the correct development of the jaw.
2. Use of orthodontic appliancesforcibly moving teeth until they accept the correct location. Up to 6 years is the use of cap, plates or trainers.
3. Comprehensive correction. It is used in children 6-12 years old.
4. Orthopedic correction.
5. Surgical intervention.
Incorrect bite in a child per year
The formation of a bite in a person occurs from infancy and is associated with one of the main instincts: sucking in order to obtain food. It is in favor of breastfeeding that the mother's choice should fall, in order to further avoid the development of a pathological bite in the child and the associated diseases and defects.
IMPORTANT: The timely introduction of solid foods to the baby plays an important role in the formation of bite. Especially such food, which requires prolonged chewing, necessary for loading on the chewing apparatus.
Usually when transferring a child to solid food, parents experience some difficulties. The kid is trying to spit out, push out the tongue unusual hard pieces. But mothers should show maximum patience and follow all the recommendations of the pediatrician on the introduction of solid food in the child’s diet.An incorrect bite in a child per year may form due to prolonged use of a pacifier
IMPORTANT: Attention should be paid to the position of the baby’s head during feeding and during rest. Her tipping should not occur.
Due to insufficient content in the body of the child of the first year of life fluoride and calcium, teething occurs a little later. This can cause malocclusion.
It is necessary to adequately assess the need for prolonged use of the nipples. If the child did not immediately take it or react to it indifferently, then it is better to completely abandon the dummy.
The absence of catarrhal diseases of the throat and nose, or their minimal number, promotes free nasal breathing and the proper development of the jaw.
Wrong bite in a child at 2 years old
Most often, parents pay attention to malocclusion in two-year-olds. Doing something yourself to correct it is not worth it; you need to consult a dentist as soon as possible. A specialist can recommend two methods for correction of occlusion:
- Schonher's vestibular plates
IMPORTANT: Usually for children of this age, Schonher plates are used, which are made in several sizes in the form of nipples.
With minor malocclusion, apply myotherapy - special exercises.
Additionally, it may be recommended:
- choose the right pillow for sleeping
- offer your child solid foods more often
- exclude the use of dummies
- make sure the baby does not suck fingers
Wrong bite in a child at 3 years old
It is at the age of three years that you need to get the obligatory consultation of an orthodontist dentist on the formation of a bite. Only a specialist can evaluate the condition of the teeth, the quality of the enamel and the correctness of the milk bite. Closing of the posterior teeth is also subject to the assessment of the doctor.An incorrect bite in a child at 3 years old will reveal an orthodontist
IMPORTANT: Some parents make the mistake of believing that baby teeth cannot be treated. Damaged baby teeth can infect permanent teeth.
Wrong bite in a child at 4 years old
Treatment for malocclusion often begins at the age of 4-6 years, trying to catch up to the moment when the child goes to school.
Use removable plates, trainers. These devices, due to their flexibility, do not require fitting, dress for the night and gradually guide the teeth.
Wrong bite in a child at 5 years old
This age is the most convenient for starting treatment of a pathological bite. Since the teeth of five-year-old children are still quite mobile and the bone tissue does not have a high density, an orthodontist dentist can perform jaw correction using removable devices.Wrong bite in a child at 5 years old
The consequences of malocclusion in a child
The presence of a malocclusion in a child often leads to psychological trauma and the development of complexes. So, small aesthetic problems that arose against the backdrop of a deviation in the development of the jaw leave an imprint on the fate of the child and affect his socialization in society.
Video: The consequences of malocclusion
IMPORTANT: By the age of 30-35, people with a malocclusion have deteriorated teeth: they become mobile, their roots are exposed and periodontal disease appears. Patients often complain of migraines, pain in the back and neck.
The digestive system also has negative consequences from a malocclusion: an increased load is placed on the digestive tract due to insufficient chewing of products. In the place of a broken bite, food debris is collected, which leads to severe plaque and caries.
In adulthood, if it is necessary to remove a crooked tooth, it will be impossible to install a prosthesis on a nearby tooth. It will also have to be removed.Frequent migraines can be the result of malocclusion.
Video: How malocclusion affects a person
Bite Correction Plate
Plates are used to correct occlusion in children under 12 years old. The main advantage of the plates is that they can be removed. Thanks to this, children get used to new designs painlessly and practically do not feel discomfort.
The manufacture of plates for children is carried out taking into account the anatomical features. In order to perform the necessary function by the plate, it is necessary to make its proper fixation.
The device makes impossible the further development of pathology, maintains the correct bite, and corrects tooth growth.Bite Correction Plates
IMPORTANT: The plate requires proper care: it is removed before meals, cleaned of food debris, do not allow exposure to temperature changes. Clean the plate with a special solution.
Video: Orthodontic plate - correction of a child’s bite
Braces - non-removable device for aligning teeth, capable of correcting even the most complex anomaly. Braces are placed in adolescent children when a permanent bite is already formed.
Human teeth are mobile, located in the holes. With gradual pressure on their walls with braces, the tooth is shifted in the desired direction.
The duration of wearing braces depends on the degree of deformation of the teeth. The average tooth speed is 1 mm per month.Braces
IMPORTANT: Correction of teeth with braces should be monitored by an orthodontist. He will have to be visited at least once a month during the entire treatment.
After removing the braces, you need to undergo a course of procedures to restore and consolidate the effect.
Video: Braces: 18 months in 30 seconds
Mouth bite correction
Capa relate to removable devices. They can be removed to eat or brush your teeth. Unlike plates, they are completely invisible, not able to injure a child’s mouth.
Thermoplastic mouthguards are considered the most convenient and inexpensive. They have standard sizes. Before use, thermoplastic mouthguards are immersed in hot water to soften. Stiffening on the teeth, they acquire the desired shape.
A more expensive option is individual mouth guards the manufacture of which occurs according to a special technique.
IMPORTANT: Mouthguards are not able to fix serious defects. Because of this, their use is poorly distributed.
A timely visit to a doctor for the treatment of malocclusion is a success in correcting it. Parents need to remember that the smaller the age of the child, the easier the jaw apparatus can be corrected with minimal impact on it.
The child has the wrong bite: reviews
Marina, mother of Hope (7 years old): We turned to the orthodontist when my daughter was 6 years old. I was worried about the crooked teeth that appeared on the site of the fallen milk. Because of them, the child's bite deteriorated. The doctor said that we should come to her in 5 years, not earlier. Touching baby teeth does not make sense, and correction of the bite should be carried out only when all teeth have changed.
Olga, mother of Matvey (14 years old): Today is exactly six months from the day that my son got ceramic braces in a private clinic. The teeth are noticeably aligned. At first we wanted to use the services of state dentistry, but they said that to install braces, you would need to remove 2 healthy teeth. Naturally, I refused such a “treatment”. Despite the fact that ceramic braces cost us many times more expensive, I do not regret it. Within a few months, his son will take them off and his smile will become perfect.
Svetlana, 32 years old: From my own experience I was convinced that after removing the braces, the teeth can return to their original position. By the way, no orthodontist will guarantee that the bite will be fixed forever.Bite correction is a lengthy process.
Whatever treatment option for malocclusion in children you choose, you need to focus on the long process of teeth alignment and fixing period.
Failure to undergo a fixation is fraught with the risk of the teeth returning to the wrong position. Proper prevention of malocclusion in children and compliance with all the recommendations of a pediatric dentist will give the baby a chance to always smile beautifully, without any constraint.